Séminaire PMMH - Arnold Mathijssen & Andreas Zöttl (University of Oxford)

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12 février 2016 11:00 » 12:00 — Amphi Langevin

Hydrodynamics and noise in confined microswimmer suspensions

Active particles and biological microswimmers such as bacteria or sperm cells moving in their natural environment are continually subjected to fluid flow and confining surfaces. To understand the underlying basic physical mechanisms in these environments their locomotion in microfluidic channels is nowadays widely studied under controlled conditions. Here we present recent theoretical and numerical investigations of microswimmer motion in confinement and in microchannel Poiseuille flow. We first discuss the effects of hydrodynamics and noise for the motion close to a single wall and build up to the dynamics of one and many microswimmers in strong quasi-2D confinement. Second, we discuss the effect of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid flow on the dynamics of microbes. Third, we show how the combination of flow and bounding surfaces leads to wall accumulation and detachment triggered by the flow strength. Following these results, we discuss implications on the entrapment of swimming bacteria in corners.

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Séminaires du laboratoire PMMH : consultez le programme

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