Séminaire C3M : Michel Cloitre

10 juin 2021 13:30 » 14:30

Soft materials designer : where rheology meets chemistry and physics

Abstract : Soft materials are all around us. They are present in personal and home care products, food, paints and in advanced formulations used for enhanced oil recovery, solid ink printing and additive manufacturing. To develop soft materials with tailored properties, formulators combine functional polymers, colloids, emulsions, and amphiphilic molecules, resulting in a great variability of composition, microstructure, and interactions. However, in spite of this apparent diversity, soft materials share in common the capacity to switch from solid-like behavior at rest to liquid-like under mechanical solicitation. A formidable challenge is to design yield stress glasses or gels with tailored rheology in a rational way. In this talk I will present our methodology which is based on two pillars. On one hand, we use chemistry to fabricate polymer-colloid hybrids such as microgels, capsules, micelles, star polymers, with variable softness and tunable interactions, leading to a wide range of viscoelastic moduli and time scales. On the other hand, we exploit concepts from the physics of disordered out-of-equilibrium materials, in particular jamming transition, supercooled glasses, dynamical heterogeneities, and targeted particle scale simulations to bridge the gap between mesoscopic scale properties, local dynamics and macroscopic rheology. This generic framework provides guidelines for designing and engineering yield stress materials with desired properties.


Haut de page