Séminaire PMMH

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9 avril 11:00 » 12:00 — Salle réunion PMMH 1

Making pipe flow transition complex, again !

The circumstance that pipe flows are turbulent in practice, while theoretical arguments imply they should remain laminar, has posed a major challenge in fluid mechanics. Recent mounting evidence that the onset of turbulence can be explained as a directed percolation phase transition finally offers a solution to the problem. However the extremely large time scales intrinsic to the transition in pipe flow make direct observations and a characterization of the universality class virtually impossible. We here circumvent these limitations by measuring all processes relevant to turbulence proliferation in experiments and by subsequently implementing them in a simple one dimensional model. The model shows that longer range interactions between turbulent clusters, which had recently been found in experiments, strongly reduce the scaling range. Even closer to the transition point however, when considering excessive spatial and temporal scales, the stochastic nature is recovered. And, at last, he transition in pipe flow could indeed fall into the directed percolation universality class.





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